Modern Pest Control

Scope of Treatment

Scope of Treatment for Post – Construction Anti-Termite Treatment

Anti Termite Treatment to voids in masonry:

Post Constriction Anti-Termite Treatment by way of drilling with electronic drill machine and inject chemicals Emulsifuable, Chlorpyrifos 20% & 50% / Imidacloprid 30.5% SC / Bifenthrin 2.5% Emulsions Concentrate. Drill approximately 6 mm diameter holes to the depth of 50 mm to 75 mm with in the masonry wall at the plinth level from both sides at downward angle of 45 degrees preferably at 300 mm c/c intervals, squirt emulsion through these holes till refusal to soak the masonry using hand operated pump and seal after drying. The treatment shall be extended to internal walls, wall corners & where door and window frames are embedded in the masonry.

Anti Termite Treatment at Points of Contact of Woodwork: -

All existing woodwork in building in contact with floor has to be treated by drilling 6 mm holes at a downward angle of 45 degrees at the junction of woodwork & masonry & squirting emulsion into these holes till refusal and wooden doors and window frames, all electrical switch boards, cosine warring etc, external perimeters of the building complete with thorough spray and effected areas on the floors, wooden doors and windows frames and other perimeters of the area.

Anti Termite Treatment for concrete of masonry apron around the building: –

approximately 12 mm diameter holes close to plinth wall about 300 mm apart, deep enough to reach soil below at chemical emulsion is pumped into these holes to soak the soil below at a distance of about (1 miter) 975 mm.

Scope of Treatment for Pre – Construction Anti-Termite Treatment

A) Treatment to be backfilled soil: -

Anti termite treatment to the top surface of the consolidated earth with in plinth walls with chemicals emulsion by admixing Chlorpyrifos emulsifiable concentrates (1% concentration) with water by weight @ 5 lt. per sq.m. of the surface before sand bed on sub-grade is led. Hole up to 50 m.m. to 75 m.m. deep at 150 m.m. c/c both ways shall be made with 12 m.m. dieter mild steel rode on the surface to facilate saturation of the soil with the chemical emulsion. The work shall be carried out as per specification described in 1.2.1. of code IS-6313 (Part-I) 1981. (Mode of measurement will be plan area of plinth treated.)

(B) Treatment to top surface of plinth filling: -

Treatment to be back filling of R.C.C foundation with chemicals emulsion by admixing Chlorpyrifos emulsifiable concentrates (1% concentration) with water by weight @ 7.5 lt. per sq.m. of the vertical surface of the substructure of each site of the foundation. The work shall be carried out as per specification as described in Para 6.3.1 of code IS-6313 (Part-II) 1981. (Mode of measurement will be per sq.m. of vertical area of foundation treated).

(C) Treatment at junction of the wall and the floor: -

Anti termite treatment to the outside of foundation with chemicals emulsion by admixing Chlorpyrifos emulsifiable concentrates (1% concentration) with water by weight including cutting shallow channel by excavating soil along and close to the wall face ensuring uniform dispersal of the chemicals emulsion to the depth of 300 m.m. from the ground level by Roding with 12 m.m. dia M.S rod at 150 m.m. interval in the channel. 1.75 Lt. Of chemicals emulsion per miter length shall be used and a balance quantity of 0.5 lt. of the chemicals emulsion per running meter shall then be used to treat the back fill earth by directing this spray of the emulsion towards the wall surface. The enter work is to be carried out as per specification laid down in Para 4.3.1.1 of code IS-6313 (Part-III) 1981. We hereby give you a guarantee for 10 years from the date of contract.

Cockroaches

Cockroaches are generally rather large insects. Most species are about the size of a thumbnail, butseveral species are bigger. The world’s heaviest cockroach is the Australian giant burrowing cockroach, which can reach 9 cm (3.5 in) in length and weight more than 30 g (1.1 oz). Comparable in size is the Central American giant cockroach Blaberus giganteus, which grows to a similar length but is not as heavy. Cockroaches have broad, flattened bodies and a relatively small heads. They are generalized insects, with few special adaptations, and may be among the most primitive living neopteran insects. The mouthparts are on the underside of the head and include generalised chewing mandibles. They have large compound eyes, two ocelli, and long, flexible, antennae.

Termites: -

Termites are a group of eusocial insects that, until recently, were classified at the taxonomic rank of order Isoptera, but are now accepted as the epifamily Termitoidae, of the cockroach order Blattodea. While termites are commonly known, especially in Australia, as “white ants“, they are only distantly related to the ants. Like ants, some bees, and wasps—which are all placed in the separate order Hymenoptera—termites divide labor among castes, produce overlapping generations and take care of young collectively. Termites mostly feed on dead plant material, generally in the form of wood, leaf litter, soil, or animal dung, and about 10% of the estimated 4,000 species.

Dampwood Termites: -

Dampwood Termites constitute a small and rather primitive family (Termopsidae) of termites (Isoptera). They contain four or five extant genera with 13–20 living species, but can be divided into several subfamilies. They may be a nuisance, but compared to the drywood termites (Kalotermitidae), usually do not cause extensive damage to buildings or other man-made structures. As their name implies, they eat wood that is not dried out, perhaps even rotting, and consequently of little use to humans.

Drywood Termites

Drywood Termites and subterranean termites are the most destructive insect pests of wood, causing more than $1.7 billion in damages and cost of control each year in the U.S. alone. Their presence in structures is seldom noticed until damage is discovered or the termites swarm within the building.

formosan-termite-soldier

Formosan Subterranean Termite

Formosan Subterranean Termite (Coptotermes formosanus) is an invasive species of termite. It has been transported worldwide from its native range in southern China to Formosa (Taiwan, where it gets its name) and Japan. In the 20th century it became established in South Africa, Hawaii in the continental United States, Central and South America.

Eastern Subterranean Termite

Eastern subterranean termite is the most common termite found in North America.These termites are the most economically important wood destroying insects in the United States and are classified as pests. They feed on cellulose material such as the structural wood in buildings, wooden fixtures, paper, books and cotton. A mature colony can range from 20,000 workers to as high as 5 million workers and the primary queen of the colony lays 5,000 to 10,000 eggs per year to add to this total.

Conehead Termites

Conehead Termites are an invasive species native to the Caribbean that was first introduced to the U.S. in 2001. They were originally called “tree termites,” but were renamed cone head termites to alleviate the misconception that this pest is only found in trees.

Desert Subterranean Termite

Desert subterranean termite is almost entirely restricted to the Colorado and Gila deserts of southern Arizona and California and into Lower Baja California and it occurs occasionally in Houston, Texas.

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are parasitic insects that feed on blood. The term is used loosely to refer to any species of the genus Cimex, and even more loosely to refer to any member of the family Cimicidae (cimicids). The common bedbug, Cimex lectularius, is the most infamous species of the family and prefers to feed on human blood.The name of the “bed bug” is derived from the insect’s preferred habitat of houses and especially beds or other areas where people sleep. Bed bugs are mainly active at night, but are not exclusively nocturnal and are capable of feeding on their hosts without being noticed.

Silverfishes

Silverfishes: Lepisma saccharina, frequently called a silverfish or fishmoth is a small, wingless insect in the order Thysanura. Its common name derives from the animal’s silvery light grey and blue colour, combined with the fish-like appearance of its movements, while the scientific name indicates the silverfish’s diet of carbohydrates such as sugar or starches.

Mosquitoes

The Mosquitoes are a family of small, midge-like flies: the Culicidae. Although a few species are harmless or even useful to humanity, most are a nuisance because they consume blood from living vertebrates, including humans. The females of many species of mosquitoes are blood eating pests. In feeding on blood, some of them transmit extremely harmful human and livestock diseases, such as malaria. Some authorities argue accordingly that mosquitoes are the most dangerous animals on Earth.

Spiders (Order Araneae)

Spiders (order Araneae) are air-breathing arthropods that have eight legs and chelicerae with fangs that inject venom. They are the largest order of arachnids and rank seventh in total species diversity among all other groups of organisms. Spiders are found worldwide on every continent except for Antarctica, and have become established in nearly every habitat with the exception of air and sea colonization. As of 2008, approximately 40,000 spider species, and 109 families have been recorded by taxonomists; however, there has been confusion within the scientific community as to how all these families should be classified, as evidenced by the over 20 different classifications that have been proposed since 1900.

Rodentia

Rodentia is the order of mammals known as rodents, characterised by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in each of the upper and lower jaws which must be kept short by gnawing. Forty percent of mammal species are rodents, and they are found in vast numbers on all continents other than Antarctica. Common rodents include mice, rats, squirrels, porcupines, beavers, guinea pigs, and hamsters.Rodents use their sharp incisors to gnaw wood, break into food, and bite predators. Most rodents eat seeds or plants, though some have more varied diets. Some species have historically been pests, eating seeds stored by people and spreading disease.

HOUSE MOUSE

HOUSE MOUSE : One sign of a mouse infestation is mouse droppings – even a small infestation can produce literally thousands of droppings in a short period of time!

DEER MOUSE

DEER MOUSE: Deer Mice can transmit a wide variety of diseases to humans. One serious and often fatal disease transmitted by the deer mouse is Hantavirus.

NORWAY RAT

NORWAY RAT: Sometimes referred to a “super rat,” these large rats can reach 16 inches in length, including the tail. Favorite foods of this basement dweller include bacon and shrimp!

ROOF RAT

ROOF RAT: When roof rats inhabit upper areas of office buildings and homes, they often gnaw on wires, possibly leading to fires, outages and production down-time.

WOODRAT (PACKRAT)

WOODRAT (PACKRAT) : Earning its nickname “packrat,” this furry, giant hamster-like rodent is particularly fond of shiny objects and will drop whatever it’s carrying to take the trinket instead.

VOLE

VOLE: Voles can have up to 17 litters and 80 pups in a year. However, voles have many predators and most voles only survive a few months in the wild.

SHREW

SHREW: Shrews will eat animals five times larger than themselves. They may even go after birds at feeders. For the most part, however, they are beneficial-eating mice and insects.

MOLE

MOLE: Moles are unique in appearance, having webbed feet they use for “swimming” in the soil. One species, the star-nosed mole, has 22 tentacle-like projections around its mouth.

GOPHER

GOPHER: Gophers present a more serious problem than moles, because of their inadvertent destruction of underground utility cables, water lines, sprinkler systems and irrigation pipes.

SNAKES

Snakes are elongate, legless, carnivorous reptiles of the suborder Serpentes that can be distinguished from legless lizards by their lack of eyelids and external ears. Like all squamates, snakes are ectothermic, amniote vertebrates covered in overlapping scales. Many species of snakes have skulls with many more joints than their lizard ancestors, enabling them to swallow prey much larger than their heads with their highly mobile jaws. To accommodate their narrow bodies, snakes’ paired organs (such as kidneys) appear one in front of the other instead of side by side, and most have only one functional lung. Some species retain a pelvic girdle with a pair of vestigial claws on either side of the cloaca.

WOOD BORERS

Wood Borers: The emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis, is a green beetle native to Asia. In North America the emerald ash borer is an invasive species, highly destructive to ash trees in its introduced range. The potential damage of this insect rivals that of Chestnut blight and Dutch Elm Disease. Since its accidental introduction into the United States and Canada in the 1990s, and its subsequent detection in 2002, it has spread to 14 states and adjacent parts of Canada. It has killed at least 50 to 100 million ash trees so far and threatens to kill most of the 7.5 billion ash trees throughout North America. The emerald ash borer is now one of the most destructive non-native insects in the United States; it and other wood-boring pests cause an estimated $3.5 billion in annual damages in the U.S.

FLY

Fly: True flies are insects of the order Diptera (from the Greek di = two, and ptera = wings). Their most obvious distinction from other orders of insects is that a typical fly possesses a pair of flight wings on the mesothorax and a pair of halteres, derived from the hind wings, on the metathorax. (Some species of flies are exceptional in that they are secondarily flightless). The only other order of insects bearing two true, functional wings plus any form of halteres are the Strepsiptera, and in contrast to the flies, the Strepsiptera bear their halteres on the mesothorax and their flight wings on the metathorax.

ANTS

Ants are social insects of the family Formicidae and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera. Ants evolved from wasp-like ancestors in the mid-Cretaceous period between 110 and 130 million years ago and diversified after the rise of flowering plants. More than 12,500 out of an estimated total of 22,000 species have been classified. They are easily identified by their elbowed antennae and a distinctive node-like structure that forms a slender waist. Ants form colonies that range in size from a few dozen predatory individuals living in small natural cavities to highly organised colonies that may occupy large territories and consist of millions of individuals. Larger colonies consist mostly of sterile wingless females forming castes of “workers”, “soldiers”, or other specialised groups.

EARWIGS

Earwigs get their name from the myth that they crawl into sleeping people’s ears and tunnel into the brain. There are 22 types of Earwigs in the United States and there are over a 1,000 different species all over the world. They prefer dark, moist environments and generally it found under logs, bark, leaves or hibernating during the winter in your home. I am usually only active at night unless disturbed.

lizard

LIZARDS

Lizards are a widespread group of squamate reptiles, with more than 5600 species,ranging across all continents except Antarctica, as well as most oceanic island chains. The group, traditionally recognized as the suborder Lacertilia, is defined as all extant members of the Lepidosauria (reptiles with overlapping scales) that are neither sphenodonts (i.e., tuatara) nor snakes – they form an evolutionary grade.While the snakes are recognized as falling phylogenetically within the Toxicofera clade from which they evolved, the sphenodonts are the sister group to the squamates, the larger monophyletic group, which includes both the lizards and the snakes.

WEEVIL

A weevil is any beetle from the Curculionoidea superfamily. They are usually small, less than 6 millimetres (0.24 in), and herbivorous. There are over 60,000 species in several families, mostly in the family Curculionidae (the true weevils). Some other beetles, although not closely related, bear the name “weevil”, such as the biscuit weevil (Stegobium paniceum), which belongs to the family Anobiidae. Many weevils are damaging to crops. The grain or wheat weevil (Sitophilus granarius) damages stored grain. The boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis) attacks cotton crops. It lays its eggs inside cotton bolls, and the young weevils eat their way out. Weevils are often found in dry foods including nuts and seeds, cereal and grain products, such as pancake mix. In the domestic setting, they are most likely to be observed when a bag of flour is opened. Their presence is often indicated by the granules of the infested item sticking together in strings, as if caught in a cobweb. Beetle is an insect scientifically called coleoptera. The word “coleoptera” is from the Greek κολεός, koleos, meaning “sheath”; and πτερόν, pteron, meaning “wing”, thus “sheathed wing”. The reason for the name is that most beetles have two pairs of wings, the front pair, the “elytra“, being hardened and thickened into a sheath-like, or shell-like, protection for the rear pair, and for the rear part of the beetle’s body. The superficial consistency of most beetles’ morphology, in particular their possession of elytra, has long suggested that the Coleoptera are monophyletic, but there is growing evidence that this is unjustified, there being arguments for example, in favour of allocating the current suborder Adephaga their own order, or very likely even more than one.

scorpion

SCORPIONS

Scorpions are predatory arthropod animals of the order Scorpiones within the class Arachnida. They have eight legs and are easily recognized by the pair of grasping claws and the narrow, segmented tail, often carried in a characteristic forward curve over the back, ending with a venomous stinger. Scorpions range in size from 9 mm (Typhlochactas mitchelli) to 21 cm (Hadogenes troglodytes).

scorpion

MILLIPEDES

Millipedes are arthropods that have two pairs of legs per segment (except for the first segment behind the head which does not have any appendages at all, and the next few which only have one pair of legs). Each segment that has two pairs of legs is a result of two single segments fused together as one. Most millipedes have very elongated cylindrical bodies, although some are flattened dorso-ventrally, while pill millipedes are shorter and can roll into a ball, like a pillbug.